Analyzing the Position
The objective of introspective investigation is to discover what skills and competencies are necessary for successful performance of the job. When you've identified these skills and competencies, organize them into the following categories: technical competencies, functional skills, self-management skills, interpersonal skills, and requirements of the corporate culture.
Technical competencies include any certifications, degrees, licenses, experience, and so on required to do the job. For example, an accountant position may require a degree in business as well as certification by a recognized board of accountancy. The job of personnel manager may require a human resources degree and experience in union/ management affairs. Technical competencies are sometimes prescribed by law (as in the case of physicians, nurses, psychologists, teachers, lawyers, and so on).
What technical competencies, if any, are required to perform the job?
Functional skills are skills that help people function effectively on the job. To help identify functional skills, complete this sentence: "The primary responsibilities of the job include _____, _____, _____, and _____." List each functional skill that is required to do the job.
Here are some examples of common functional skills:
The functional skills required for success in a typical organization vary widely depending on the job. For example, to be successful, a sales associate position may require someone with above average communication skills (both written and verbal) as well as highly developed time-management skills.
Functional skills are skills that can be learned. In fact, the acquisition of functional skills is usually an important goal of ongoing corporate training programs and postgraduate continuing education. Functional skills are also transferable. Transferable means that an individual who has demonstrated specific functional skills in other employment or life situations can apply the same skills to the challenges of a new situation.
What functional skills distinguish top performers in the position under consideration? Remember to list them all, regardless of the degree of importance.